Topòlovgrad (Bulgarian: Тополовград, “town of poplars”) is a town in south-central Bulgaria, part of Haskovo Province, situated at the northern foot of theSakar Mountain. It is the administrative centre of the homonymousTopolovgrad Municipality. According to the 2011 census, the town has a population of 5588 inhabitants.[1]

Topolovgrad and the surrounding area have been inhabited since ancient times, as evidenced by the dolmens found at Hlyabovo and the Paleokastrofortress that may have been built by the Thracians.[citation needed]

Until the early 20th century, the town was predominantly inhabited by Greeks (96 percent) and hosted Greek schools and churches. Although a Greek majority town, after 1906, the Bulgarian government appointed the first Bulgarian mayor.[2] From 1906 to 1925, about 4,000 Greeks left the town and its surroundings and settled in Greek Macedonia. They were replaced by groups of Bulgarian refugees from Western Thrace, Eastern Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia.

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